Packing For Export.
There are lots of blogs about packing for export, International travels checklist, etc. We have put together, top tips to bear in mind when processing items for export and or when travelling internationally.
By BAYONLE OYEWOLE
We have been assisting importers and exporters successfully ship their cargo for over 15 years .
With our extensive experience in all areas of international trade, we have found more often than not that the mostly likely area to be overlooked is the selection of the correct packaging requirements and materials resulting in cargo damage ,loss and costly insurance claims.
When selecting your packing materials, we suggest you carefully examine the types of packages available keeping in mind the import restrictions including the Quarantine requirements of the destination countries.
Before importing or exporting we suggest you contact one of our highly trained professionals.
WHY YOU NEED TO PACK SUITABLY FOR EXPORT BEFORE EXPORTING YOUR FREIGHT ORDERS.
Packing requirements vary greatly and will depend on the type of cargo that requires shipping. There are many set rules for successful export packing. For example, any movement of the cargo within its own packaging during transit is likely to cause damage. So the tighter and more secure the packing, the less likelihood there will any damage. We recommend you contact us on the type of packing requirements for your particular cargo and export requirements.
We offer a cost-effective and professional cargo packing service. Kindly get in touch with us for a free quote. Your success is our success.
THE PACKING CONCEPT.
The Unit Load.
The type of materials used to pack for shipping or export purpose will vary according to the product, the type of transportation (ocean or air), and the ultimate destination. However, the basic principle of packaging is known as the “unit load’ concept or “unitisation.”
Unitisation is based upon the theory that all shippers should pack their cargo so it may be moved and handled entirely by mechanical handling equipment, such as forklifts, pallet trucks, cranes etc, throughout the distribution network. This practice reduces the need for labour, the handling of boxes, and the amount of damage. Also, it allows for faster loading and unloading by transportation equipment, more efficient distribution centre operations and a reduced level of pilferage. The reduced costs of the distributor in terms of labour and time often result in cost discounts for the exporter.
In practice, the unit load concept means that small, highly expensive items, such as calculators, should first be totally enclosed in cartons, or double, even triple wall containers to avoid pilferage and damage. Second, the boxes or containers should be secured to pallets with shrink-wrap & plastic strapping. Large items can be secured directly to pallets, assuring that they are adequately protected from damage.
Points to Note.
- Type of carrier – What are the various types of carriers to be used before the goods arrive at their final destination? Usually, truck, ship and aeroplane are used.
- Types of hazard – For each type of carrier, what hazards are the shipments likely to encounter? For ocean shipping, this would include the type of storage, loading and unloading facilities, route, time of year (summer, winter, monsoon, etc.) port reputation, etc.
- Cost factors – As well as ensuring maximum protection for the goods being shipped, the exporter should minimize transportation costs by using lightweight, least bulky materials etc.
In some importing countries, import duties are based on the gross weight of the items shipped, including the interior and exterior containers and packing material. An allowance for tariff purposes is given for “tare” (the difference between the gross and net weights) and so both weights should be shown on the commercial invoice.
Good Packing Practices
Packaging of your cargo is one of the most important areas of international trade & also one of the most overlooked resulting in cargo damage ,loss & costly insurance claims. The followings are shipping guidelines to good packing practices:
- Pack contents tightly within the box, or crate. In this way the container wall is given added strength and harmful shifting of merchandise is avoided.
- Ship large loads whenever possible, as large loads are less likely to be damaged than small ones.
Keep goods protected from rain, seawater and moisture.
- Heavy machinery and odd-shaped items should be boxed or crated and provided with skids for easier handling and storage.
- Select the most advantageous pallet size and style. A four-way entry pallet permits handling from all four sides with a fork or pallet truck, thus facilitating handling. Additionally, the standard size pallet size of 40 inches by 48 inches (1000mm x1200mm) maximizes the volume, which can be loaded into shipping containers.
- Prepare ferrous surfaces with a rust inhibitor to enable your product to arrive at its destination free from rust or corrosion.
- Drain holes should be made in the skid or floor area of large containers, boxes or crates. This will allow seawater or condensation to flow out of the container.
- Do not try to put too much in each container, as the weight might exceed the limitations of the container being used.
- Ensure weight is distributed evenly within the crate.
- Marks should be applied with waterproof ink to three surfaces of each package. Cautionary markings should be in English, the language of the country of destination and the international graphic-handling symbol. Protect goods adequately from pilferage.
- If the cargo is liquid, do not fill containers completely but leave expansion space to allow for variations in temperature.
The cargo should be protected from rainwater damage that may occur when air cargo is taken to loading ramps.
- Shipments by air for liquid cargo, certain additional guidelines apply: The packing should be able to withstand air pressure; liquid cargo should be protected from the hazards of high pressure and leakage.
Don’t Ignore the Law – Declare Dangerous and Hazardous Goods.
It is a serious offence and against air regulation for shipping liquid or pressurise products without first informing the airline about the contents of the goods and getting permission. As leaking liquid leak may endanger passengers as well as causing the airplane to malfunction – in other words, you can go to jail.
We can Export Pack your goods for you.
For those that are concerned about the welfare of their goods and investments, we can also offer an additional packing service at a very competitive price. Using a team of professionals, we will arrange for your freight order to be packed suitable for export.
This not only strengthens the integrity of your package but also offers total privacy from the outside world.
We also offer a range of fillings during Export Packing so that the items within your packages are safe from movement during the delivery process.
Request for a free quote
If you’re interested in any of our logistics services, you can receive a free and no obligation quote by checking out our Get a Quote page, or if you have any questions with regards any of our services, please contact us here.